Dispute Resolution Status


In 2012, ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and numbers, accepted applications to create new Top Level Domains (TLDs). A TLD is the text to the right of the final dot in a domain name. For example, .Com is the most popular TLD today. 1,930 applications for proposed new TLDs were filed. The Dispute Resolution phase is an opportunity for organizations and individuals to object to a specific TLD application.


October 20, 2013 - Today, there are just 22 generic TLDs - like .Com and .Biz. In 2012, ICANN held an historic application round inviting companies from around the world to apply to create new Top Level Domains - or, TLDs for short. 1,930 applicaitons for new TLDs were filed in ICANN's historic 2012 application round. The first new TLDs from the 2012 application round are expected to launch in 2014.

As part of the Application Process for new TLDs, individuals and organizations were permitted a period of time in which to object to a particular TLD application after the list of TLD applications had been made public. During the Dispute Resolution phase of the ICANN application process for new TLDs, objections could be filed against any application for a new TLD. The Objection Filing stage closed earlier this year, so at this point, no new objections can be filed. Objections were permitted on the basis of four objection grounds from objectors who have standing to object (the criteria for who has standing to object is different depending on the type of objection filed.) Objections could be filed on the following grounds: Legal Rights, Community Objection, Limited Public Interest, and String Confusion. ICANN’s Independent Objector could also file a dispute against an applicant. (Note:  We will discuss that in next week's article on the Independent Objector.)


Objection Status

There were a total of 263 objections filed during the Dispute Resolution phase. To date, 44% (or 116) of the objections filed are still In Progress.

  • 44% (116) of the Objections filed are still In Progress
  • In 36% of cases that have been reviewed, the applicant prevailed over the objector

  • In just .04% of the cases that have been reviewed has the objector prevailed over the applicant

The graph below shows the number of Objections that are no longer "In Progres" by type of Objection.

  • 100% of Legal Rights Objections have been completed and are no longer Pending

  • Only 9% of the Limited Public Interest Objections are no longer pending

  • 75% of the String Confusion cases are no longer pending.

  • Only 25% of the Community Objection cases are no longer pending.

Most Common Objection Types

The most popular type of TLD objection was the Community objection.

  • 40% of the objections were Community Objections. 2% of these prevailed. 75% of them are In Progress.

  • 26% of the Objections were Legal Rights Objections. 84% of these Prevailed

  • 25% of the objections were String Confusion. 54% of the objections prevailed

  • 9% of the objections were Limited Public Interest Objections. 91% of these are In Progress. None have prevailed at this time.


Which Objections Prevail Most Often

Of those 56% of cases that are no longer pending, which type of Objection has been most likely to succeed? The table below shows that Legal Rights objections, so far, have been more likely to prevail against the applicant than any other type of Objection. Of course, with 44% of Objections still pending, these figures are likely to shift dramatically.

Applicant Prevailed #Percentage
Legal Rights 58 60%
String Confusion 36 38%
Community 2 2%
Limited Public Interest 0 0%

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