The Final Tally

March 10, 2013 - ICANN recently held a public comment period on the subject of “closed generic" Top Level Domain (TLD) applications. A “Closed Generic" is a TLD that is a generic term, but domains within that TLD will not be sold to the public.

Over 200 comments were submited to ICANN's public comments section for Closed Generics:

Below are excerpts from all of the comments that have been posted on ICANN's Public Comments section as of March 3, 2013


In Favor of Closed Generics Against Closed Generics Unknown
Keven - It just seems wrong for ICANN to be changing the rules of the gTLD launch this late in the game. Jenifer - "There is no place for closing any domain highway on the Internet and there should never be exclusivity within this realm." Délégué général du SDLC - DotAnything.co Inc was unable to open the attached file.
Mary Iqbal - "No one would suggest that we ought to disallow generic domain names because someone else got the best domain name first; nor should we disallow generic Top Level Domains for the same reason." Retail Council of Canada - "RCC considers the delegation of closed gTLD for generic industry terms (such as .book) to be a threat to the openness and freedom of the Internet." Danielle - "Are the Canadian companies touched as well by this new ICANN mesure is it limited to North America?"
Various Members of the Noncommercial Stakeholders Group - "As NCSG stakeholders, our position is driven neither by paying clients nor by an interest in the success of specific applications. It is based on a principled commitment to the ‘permissionless innovation’ that has made the Internet a source of creativity and growth. Our aim is to maximize the options available to DNS users and to minimize top-down controls. We support the freedom of individuals and organizations to register domains and use them legally in any way they see fit. We support experimentation with new ideas about what a TLD can do. We see no reason to impose ex ante restrictions on specific business models or methods of managing the name space under a TLD." Joseph - "Part of what has brought positive value in life that many people have today is because of the open and free internet." Business Constituency (BC) - "Because there was not significant support for any of the poll outcomes, the BC is not submitting a recommendation on closed generics. Instead, the attached document repeats prior BC positions and summarizes our recent discussion of this topic."
Ray - "I agree with the following ICANN staff recommendations as provided for in the New gTLD Board meeting minutes: 2. Staff does not believe it is appropriate at this time to create a new category of generic-term applications with new provisions - the Applicant Guidebook did not indicate expected restrictions from ICANN on an applicant's use of a TLD, and there is no existing policy advice that can be used to define this." Rajuks - "We must re-evaluate all polices and models we are following on closed Generic GTLD." Mark - "On behalf of the IPC, we write with regard to the public comment period on the issue of closed generic TLDs."
Jacqueline - " Institutions that have applied for generic TLDs under the new process will not be immune from litigation in domestic courts related to issues like antitrust, trademark infringement, consumer fraud etc. These issues are more appropriately dealt with by domestic courts and legislatures with the wherewithal and constitutional authority to deliberate on them than on a body whose purpose is to administer the technical aspects of the system." Carlos - "L'Oreal's application for .SALON should be disqualified entirely because it is anti-competitive and will give L'Oreal an unfair advantage over the competition." Jay - DotAnything.co Inc. was unable to access these comments.
Information Technology and Inovation Foundation - "ICANN should avoid choosing one business model over another by allowing both open and closed generic TLDs." David Golden, Property Casualty Insurers Association of America - Mr. Golden Quotes the GAC in his letter to ICANN. " ICANN’s own Governmental Advisory Committee wrote in its February 28, 2011, report card that, 'Those strings that refer to particular sectors, such as those subject to national regulation (such as .bank, .pharmacy) or those that describe or are targeted to a population or industry that is vulnerable to online fraud or abuse, should also be considered ‘community-based’ strings. ' " Target Domain Holdings, LLC - " We offer no opinion on the propriety of these so-called closed generic gTLDs, but we strongly urge ICANN to ensure that any action it takes does not affect brand owners who have applied, directly or through an affiliate, to operate gTLDs corresponding to their brand names."
Mary - "Generic Top Level Domains should be eligible for trademark production because they are generic terms used in an unfamiliar - or fanciful - way. In the same way, the term "Apple" has been successfully trademarked by Apple Computer, Inc. because the term Apple is a common word used in an unfamiliar, arbitrary way and is therefore eligible for trademark protection. (See USPTO Registration Number 2808567). The word "book" as a Top Level Domain is a fanciful, arbitrary use of the generic term book. In no way does the word "book" describe a Top Level Domain registry. Therefore, the term "book" as a Top Level domain is not a generic term." John - "I wish to register the strongest objection to the proposed use of closed gLTDs not for the protection of brand names but to appropriate and colonise generic words in common usage." Intellectual Property Owners Association - "We write with regard to the comment peri od on "closed generic" gTLD applications. which is scheduled to close on March 7, 2013. The Intellectual Property Owners Association (IPO) requires a dditional time to explore, eval uate and respond to this public comment request, and requests an extens ion to the comment pe riod of at least 21 days."
Rodenbaugh Law - "My clients are disappointed that ICANN has reopened a significant policy iss ue that was debated many years ago, with community consensus allowing ‘closed ’ registry business models.... In response to Professors McCarthy and Franklyn and their concern that consumers will be confused; that concern is purely speculative and not well grounded in trademark law." The Booksellers Association of Switzerland - "The Booksellers Association of Switzerland is of the strong opinion that 'closed generic' gTLD applications have to be invalidated when submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD." Bruce - "As applied to TLDs, if the TLD is ".apple" and the mission/purpose for that registry involved apple groves and apple trees, that would be a generic TLD. However, if the mission/purpose for the .apple gTLD involved computers, that would not be a generic TLD. So even if a TLD is a word found in a dictionary (or is used as a common word or term), whether or not it is generic depends upon the products or services in the mission or purpose for that particular registry."
Technology Policy Institute - "In order to bring the benefits of a competitive TLD market to consumers, ICANN should generally take as light-handed a regulatory stance as possible, as long as it meets its technical responsibilities. A light-handed regulatory approach is consistent with the policy of relatively open entry into the TLD space that ICANN has adopted." The Booksellers Association of the UK & Ireland - "The Booksellers Association of the UK & Ireland strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD." George Kirikos - It's time to seriously consider abandoning the new gTLDs plan, refund the application fees, and go with another approach.
Mary W. - "The facilitation of innovation and legitimate competition is the essence of a free market. To the extent that any unfair market dominance or monopoly concerns are real, there are anti trust , consumer protection and competition laws in place in many jurisdictions – including in jurisdictions where some of the applicants targeted by some commentators are l ocated – that have the regulatory and investigative authority to handle these matters. These are all difficult legal issues, and this is not an area where ICANN has the competence, nor should it risk its mandate, to assume authority for." Paul - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company." Paul T. - "Please will you extend the comment period and please will you provide for a subsequent reply period."
Rubens - "The new gTLD program was created to foster consumer choice and innovation. While the expansion of the namespace provides consumer choice, innovation comes by new business models that are not the vanilla domain registration ones. Closed generics and innovative business models are difficult if not impossible to separate, so any attempt to categorize one could hinder the other." Viral - "Closed generic domains should not be permitted because if we do that then It will benefit only Large corporations and small business will lose their marketing power."  
American Association of Independent Music - "For our members whose livelihoods depend on the ability to license copyrights in a free m arket, it is essential to have partners like ICANN to support and help advance a worldwide enforceab le regime for the protection of intellectual property online that enhances accountability at all levels of the online distribution chain and that deals effectively with unauthorized usages." John - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company. "  
Istituto Bruno Leoni (Istituto Bruno Leoni is an Italian-based think-tank which provides research and analysis on economic policy at large.) - "Closed gTLDs are common already, we should also point out. Sponsored TLDs (.edu, .gov, .mil., .mobi...) are controlled by agencies or organizations and are restricted to particular categories of registrants. Other gTLDs, such as .name, .biz or .pro, also require proof of eligibility under the the relevant guidelines. ...Those who make the closed generic issue an antitrust problem seem to forget this basic truth: there is no evidence that controlling a gTLD would provide any significant boost in the respective market. This didn’t happen with second-level domain and it is unclear why it should happen now." Rikk - "It seems totally counter-productive to consider having closed sections of TLD's unless their was one where the name infringed an existing corporate name or title."  
Google, Inc. - "Google's goal for the gTLD program has always been to increase inovation and competition in the area of TLDs through new ways of expanding the utility of the Domain Name System. Those new forms of inovation and competition require that registry operators be allowed to experiment with a variety of business models, from the current pure open model to the single registrant "brand TLD", and everything between them." Robert - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
Comments of Coalition for Online Accountability (COA) - "Throughout the development of the new gTLD program, the Intellectual Property community (including COA) has remained consistent in its request for ICANN to recognize different categories of applications, and apply differentiated criteria and procedures to them.... COA's primary objective remains to ensure that new gTLD registries targeted to sectors dependent on copyright protection (the "creative sectors") do not become havens for registrants promoting or tolerating online copyright piracy... If properly designed and implemented, restrictions on who may register in a new gTLD, and for what purpose, can be a powerful tool for reducing the risk of abusive registrations." Joseph - "If you give .security to Symantec that would harm and industry on the whole, in Canada, United States, Mexico, all of the Americas, and Europe, this should not be allowed, they are not the security industry."  
ICLE and TechFreedom - "Now, as ICANN prepares to unleash competition from other generic TLDs (gTLDs), some are having cold feet about the very thing that made .com so successful in the firs t place: vertical integration and the business models it facilitates.... Worse, they fail to appreciate just how important new business models (including closed TLDs) arising from closely controlled TLDs could be for new TLDs by giving their operators an incentive to invest not only in marketing th e TLD, but also in innovative new business models that change the paradigm of what a TLD means . You can't beat today's market leader simply by copying it, no matter how much money you spend on ads; you have to offer consumers something new and different." Dan - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
Amazon - "Innovation is one of the core drivers behind ICANN's opening of the gTLDs. Amazon intends to bring this same philosophy and focus to its new gTLDs... ICANN should not disfavor specific business models over others... ICANN should allow innovation to develop." Levis - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
Progressive Casualty Insurance Company - "For the following reasons, it is our view that no specific requirements regarding closed generic applications should be implemented. First, this is not a new issue, but one that was known when the current New gTLD process was developed.... Second, the concepts of "closed" and "generic" are not well suited for bright line tests.... Third, subjecting "closed generic" applications to new criteria raises a number of sensitive administrative and financial issues.... Finally, we note that many of the comments received on this topic suggest that closed generic applications frustrate competition. Those comments seem to assume that the proper place for competition among domain names is at the second level. We disagree." Dwayne - "If ICANN permits any company to possess a 'closed domain' - including Symantec (a computer company) to use '.security' then the security and alarm industry could be lost. Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company. Closed use of '.security' is not similar to the way '.com,' '.net' and '.org' are used on the Internet daily."  
MARQUES - "Mindful of the fact that the normal rules of law in relation to anti - competitive behaviours will apply to all registries, inc luding both Open and Closed Generics, MARQUES position is therefore that the status quo as set out in the Applicant Guidebook should apply. Both Open and Closed Generics should continue to be allowed in this first application round but both should be subject to significant scrutiny after launch by ICANN to ensure that the interests of rights owners and consumers are protected." Jack - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
Allstate Insurance Company - "...we believe that ICANN should permit closed generic TLD applications to proceed toward delegation." Sean - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  George - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company. "  
  Carol - " Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  Safe Home Security - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  Affordable Lock Services Inc. - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  Sean - "While I understand the purpose of the closed registry, it is important that only specific names are allowed in the interest of maintaining competition and fairness in industry. In particular, specific closed registry names such as .cloud, .security, .ondemand, and many others should be exempt from this policy. This is especially true if these specific closed registries are owned by a single company."  
  Sanjeev - "We at UNIT4 Business Software (globally) unanimously and unreservedly object to .Cloud becoming a closed registry. We believe this is a generic term and that all organisations and/or communities that have an association with the Cloud (be this technologies, software, services, social networks etc.) should be allowed to use this TLD."  
  Infynia Technologies - "We believe that Generic Words should not be purchased by one company."  
  Michel - "Des mots génériques ne peuvent et ne doivent pas appartenir exclusivement à une seule compagnie."  
  Normand - "I'm writing to you today to state my opinion that you should be very careful in letting big companies taking over generic words like 'security' and obtaining exclusivity on it. It would be an unfair marketing disadvantage to all other forms of security to see that keyword become the exclusivity of a large company."  
  David - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  David Franklyn and Thomas McCarthy - "As we understand it, a number of companies have applied for gTLDs that consist of generic industry product categories with the ability to exclude competitors for their sole economic advantage – such as .search or .insurance. We write to request that ICANN withhold approval for such closed, generic gTLDs. "  
  ChannelCloud UK/IE - "Closed generic domains should not be permitted - they are anti-competitive and favour the larger players."  
  Andy - "Close generic domains should not be allows as they will benefit only one commercial entity rather than the industry as a whole or consumer."  
  European and International Booksellers Federation (EIBF) - "EIBF is of the strong opinion that indeed “closed generic” gTLD applications have to be invalidated when submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Phin - I would just like to say that any generic word covering an activity or product, e.g. app, insurance, book, that has been registered by an enterprise should be stopped and the TLD released back out to the general public to register names for.  
  Bob - "Please do not give control over TLDs to any entity, corporate or government. The only thing that makes the internet the an amazing, world-changing thing is the open nature that allows everyone equal access. Anything which compromises that openness is bad for the Internet."  
  Eugene V. DeFelice - "Barnes & Noble, Inc. submits this letter to urge ICANN to deny Amazon.com's application to purchase several top level domains (TLDs), most notably .book, .read and .author (collectively the "Book TLDs").[1] Amazon, the dominant player in the book industry, should not be allowed to control the Book TLDs, which would enable them to control generic industry terms in a closed fashion with disastrous consequences not only for bookselling but for the American public."  
  Michael - "Closed generic domains would greatly reduce the choices for the consumer and reduce growth in the industry. We do believe it is important to keep these domain names open for full industry participation."  
  Mike - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  Andrew - "I am writing to register my very strong objections to proposals to give individual companies exclusive control over generic top-level domains."  
  Seth - "Like the oceans and outer space, generic word TLDs form part of the global resource to be shared equitable among all of mankind and as such, should not be delegated in a closed fashion to any commercial or non-commercial interest."  
  Unknown - "Allowing corporations to lock away descriptive words such as "book" for their own use is an affront to the global users of that language as they will be banned from expressing themselves."  
  Andy Burton, Chairman, Cloud Industry Forum - "With the market still nascent and evolving and with a level of confusion as to what cloud means it would be counter-productive to restrict the use of .cloud to one organisation. We reiterate that the phrase cloud cannot be clearly assigned to any one organisation operating in that market today and should not be granted as a closed registry."  
  Olivier - "La ministre de la culture et de la communication, Madame Aurélie Filippetti, a récemment dénoncé la situation inique à laquelle sont confrontés les libraires nationaux face à la concurrence des plate-formes étrangères, et d'Amazon en particulier, en raison des conditions fiscales préférentielles dont elles bénéficient pour la vente de livres en ligne à la clientèle française."  
  Martin - "We strongly disagree with the proposal to allow specific organisations exclusive control over generic industry domains. The action bestows unfair competitive advantage onto those vendors with the deepest pockets, and will disadvantage suppliers offering similar services in the same arena, therefore potentially denying the end customer greater competitive choice."  
  Martin - "Preventing others from registering under descriptive gTLDs means restriction of competition to the detriment of consumers. The current proposal is contrary to ICANN's intention with the launch of new gTLDs, namely to broaden the domain name space and to spur competition for the benefit of all."  
  Brian - "Generic words cannot and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company."  
  George - "With the market still nascent and evolving and with a level of confusion as to what cloud means it would be counter-productive to restrict the use of .cloud to one organisation."  
  Fernando Valverde, President of the Spanish Bookseller Federation - "The Booksellers Association of Spain represents 1,865 retail outlets selling books. The Booksellers Association Spain strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  European and International Booksellers Federation - "EIBF is of the strong opinion that indeed “closed generic" gTLD applications have to be invalidated when submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  European and International Booksellers Federation - "We read that at its February 2013 meeting, the ICANN Board of Directors recognized the problems presented by applications that would restrict use of generic industry terms to a single company. Granting monopoly control of a TLD to a single industry member can create an unfair competitive advantage. Such an arrangement would work against both consumers and the industry associated with the generic term. EIBF is of the strong opinion that indeed "closed generic" gTLD applications have to be invalidated when submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Federation of European Publishers - "Similarly to the case of trade marks (where generic terms may not be registered) , reserving the use of generic terms as gTLDs for individual companies is not desirable. From the point of view of consumer choice, locating a class of goods and a choice of suppliers with the help of the gTLD is by far preferable to its leading to a singl e producer or retailer. "  
  Tom - "Closed generic registries goes against the whole idea of creating more choice and openness on the Internet and enables giants like Google and Amazon to take control over large industries of the Internet. I do not think any generic terms should be allowed to be closed as many unsuspecting issues will be out of ICANN's control after they are granted."  
  Alex - "We believe that '.cloud' is unsuitable for a closed gTLD, for the reasons eloquently expressed by Mr Neylon and his cosignatories."  
  Simon - "It would be counter-productive to restrict the use of .cloud to one organisation. We reiterate that the phrase "cloud" cannot be clearly assigned to any one organisation operating in that market today and should not be granted as a closed registry."  
  Salanieta - "The litmus test in my mind is what is the impact on global public interest? The Affirmation of Commitments (AoC) by the United States Department of Commerce (DOC) and ICANN clearly spec ify the promotion of competition, consumer trust and consumer choice. 1 There are two ways of examining the situation, one is by looking at the closed generic applications and the other is to look at it from the standpoint of ICANN which is beholden under t he AoC. For the purposes of the questions that are being asked of the ALAC, I would like to submit a dual approach to viewing the issues."  
  Booksellers NZ - "BSNZ holds the view that any granting of "closed generic" TLD's presents a major risk to competition in the global marketplace. We would strongly urge that applications not be granted when the applicant is a commercial organisation likely to extend monopolist powers by the use of generic TLD's such as "books"."  
  Mike - "Consider simply what the internet would have happened had .com or .au etc been closed from the start. It's a silly idea."  
  Stuart - "The use of generic words as TLD's should be rejected.

1: Given the potential number of generic words in all of earths languages, the clutter and international management would be significant."
 
  Various Members of the Noncommercial Stakeholders Group - "Another comment will be submitted shortly by another group of NCSG leaders and members Strongly Opposing Closed Generic New gTLD applications."  
  SuperMonopolies dot com - "I object to all the closed registry applications for new generic top level domains (gTLDs) being examined by ICANN such as .shop, .store, .news, .beauty, .tires, .search and all the rest.

These words are the common heritage of all people and should not be commandeered for the exclusive advantage of the world's largest corporations. There is a real risk that the anti-competitive ownership of these immensely valuable domain strings will lead to the rise of global super monopolies."
 
  Carina - "'Closed Generics' domains should not be sold as they involve exclusivity and monopoly."  
  Librería Cámara - "Our bookstore, Librería Cámara, (80 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  The Booksellers Asso ciation Andalucía - " The Booksellers Asso ciation Andalucía strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Ian - "Allowing a commercial entity to own .cloud will be a travesty and lead to funded agenda's in what is a displacing and disruptive technology term that is too generic to be under the foundation one any commercial entity. Allowing this to happen goes away from the open and independent nature of the internet."  
  Brien - "Closed generic domain names for TLDs must only be allowed if the company seeking to close the domain name can prove that no other company or person should have access to it. And it must be up to them to prove their case, not up to ICANN or other third parties to disprove it."  
  Librería Iberoamericana Vervuert - "Our bookstore,Librería Iberoamericana Vervuert, (30 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Max - "I'm writing to express my concern about the proposed introduction of the closed generic gTLDs - in particular the .cloud domain and the application by Amazon to be the domain registrar."  
  Dave - "Generic words can not and should not be owned for the exclusive use of one company and a closed generic domain is not in the public interest, quite the contrary it will be anticompetitive as it could give any company with a closed status an unfair advantage in website navigation."  
  Gavin - "I would like to express VMware's concerns over using ".cloud" as a closed gTLD. We endorse the comments made by Michele Neylon and her fellow cosigners in her letter addressing the issue and those made by Microsoft Corporation, detailing same."  
  Librería Delta - "Our bookstore, Librería Delta, (20 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Javier - "Our bookstore, Repiso Libros, (26 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD.  
  Juan - "Our bookstore, Librería-Papelería La Parada, strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Jose - "Our bookstore, Quorum Libros, (22 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Latvian Booksellers Association - "Latvian Booksellers Association, Latvian Book Guild and Latvian Publishers Association of the strong opinion that closed gTLDs should only be granted for brand names or terms in which the applicant possesses established intellectual property rights and / or trademarks. Otherwise nation-states' established legal procedures for obtaining intellectual property rights and trademark protections could be circumvented or undermined.

In the case of a closed generic TLD like .books, the exclusivity granted to the winning applicant would de facto strengthen the position of a single big operator in the book industry and would be detrimental to the book industry as a whole."
 
  Frank - "I agree with the position described in Microsoft's letter."  
  Miguel - "Our bookstore, Comic Stores , strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Maria - "Our bookstore, Librería La Isla S.L., (40 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD"  
  Alexander - "In the gTLD Applicant Guidebook, ICANN's President and CEO Rod Beckstrom states the goals of the new gTLDs to "promote[s] competition and consumer choice" (http://archive.icann.org/en/topics/new-gtlds/rfp-clean-19sep11-en.pdf). In our view, the creation of closed gTLDs of generic words runs completely contrary to these goals: in fact, competition will decline and consumers will have less choice."  
  Daniel - "If .CLOUD becomes a closed registry owned by one company it will have specific consequences for our industry. As we know, the wider market is often confused enough about the term Cloud and we believe the limitation of the TLD to refer to one commercial organisation would be detrimental to the market and to consumer choice."  
  Christopher - "As the Chief Financial Officer of Dot Food, LLC, an applicant for the .FOOD gTLD, I represent a vested interest in the delegation of the .FOOD gTLD. The existence of any closed gTLD will affect form, function, and use of the Internet in its entirety. The impact of closed gTLDs reaches beyond any stake in any single gTLD. It is with great concern for the Internet as a whole that I submit these comments for consideration by the community.

The very idea of a closed generic top-level domain (“closed gTLD") flies in the face of the core values of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ('ICANN')."
 
  Andres - "Our bookstore, Librería 'El Naranjo' , strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Nicky - "I cannot protest in stronger terms at the proposition, which would allow large organisations to apply for generic categories and operate as closed registries This is anti-competitive and harmful to the expanding market."  
  Kathleen - "Indigo considers the delegation of closed gTLDs for generic industry terms (such as .book, .read and .author) to be a threat to the openness and freedom of the Internet. Consumers will not benefit from the delegation of such gTLDs, since they will nbe presented with limited choice (namely, offerings controlled by only one competitor)."  
  Luke - "For a term that encompasses so many services across a marketplace it would be unjust to award the domain to someone specifically!

No to privitisation!"
 
  Joan - "Upon review of proposals for generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs), the Irish Internet Association (IIA) on behalf of their members would like to register their grave concerns in relation to the introduction of "closed generics". The very essence of the internet as an open, democratic and free space for users is compromised by the registration of certain generic domains by large corporations. The idea that generic words such as 'cloud', 'blog' and 'search' are owned by commercial entities who's primary motivation is to profit from an orchestrated monopoly of the market is at odds with the fundamental principles of an internet for all."  
  Javier - " Our bookstore, Librerías Hijos de Santiago Rodríguez S.A. , (163 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Juan - "Our bookstore, Librería Diógenes, (25 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Agueda - "Our bookstore, La Libreria de Deusto, (8 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Javier - "Our bookstore, Librería Luque , strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Librería Clarín - "Our bookstore, Librería Clarín, strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Andrew - "I wish to register my comments opposing the allocation of generic TLDs such as .cloud and .security to individual companies."  
  Librería Cámara - "Our bookstore, Librería Cámara, (80 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Librería Llorens Llibres - "Our bookstore, Librería Llorens Llibres (40 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Rafael - "Our bookstore, Librería Kirikú y la bruja, (10 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Federation Against Software Theft (FAST) - " With the interest of our members at the forefront, FAST's view is that the proposed closed registry for all gTLDs, is anti-competitive and will stifle innovation in the IT market, but most particularly in the IT Cloud market which is still immature and developing."  
  Juan - "Our bookstore, Librería El Pinar, strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Alarm Industry Communications Committee - "... it is respectfully submitted that Symantec should not be granted exclusive use of this string (i.e., closed domain status), since there are thousands of companies large and small that provide security services to the public, and many of these companies have been providing these services for decades longer than Symantec has been in business."  
  Kobo, Inc. - "We are writing to express our concern about, in particular, Amazon's applications for the closed gTLD strings .book, .author, and .read. The use of these descriptive terms is of obvious and paramount importance to all stakeholders in the book industry in all English-speaking countries."  
  Octavio - "While I have no problem with more gTLDs being made available, I'm opposed to giving companies exclusivity over any generic term. That would give them an unfair advantage over other companies, which is bad for competition."  
  Legal Counsel, Alibaba Group - "It has come to our attention that there are applications filed for new gTLDs that comprise industry terms that may be used for a restricted or closed basis, for example, .shop, .buy, .deal, .book. We believe that some of these strings should be open and unrestricted since generic words used in a generic way should be open to everyone in the industry."  
  Slovenian Booksellers Society - "We believe that c losed gTLDs should only be granted for brand names or terms in which the applicant possesses established intellectual property rights and / or trademarks and hope ICANN will respect the point of view of smaller businesses and prevent any further disadvan tage s for booksellers coming from small countries."  
  Librería Casa Ruiz-Morote - "Our bookstore, Librería Casa Ruiz-Morote, (125 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  SBF, the Swedish Booksellers Association - "In the case of a closed generic gTLD .book, the exclusivity granted to the winning applicant would de facto strengthen the position of the bigest bider to have sole use of the gTLD in the book industry and would therefore be anti-competitive, discourage innovation and new entrants and be detrimental to the industry as a whole."  
  Mike - "I'm opposed to giving companies exclusivity over any generic term, this would not be good for competition and give some organisations an unfair competitive advantage"  
  Mark - "... the proposed closed registry for all gTLDs, is anti-competitive and will stifle innovation in the IT market, but most particularly in the IT Cloud market which is still immature and developing."  
  Phil - "To allow individual organisations to control sections of the internet ? and in particular to control the generic TLD "cloud" ? is anti-competitive and contrary to the very principles on which the internet was created."  
  Alberto - "Our bookstore, Librería Cámara, (80 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Carolina - "Our bookstores, Librería El Libro Técnico y Librería Casa del Lector, (50 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Phil - "A brief note to urge you not to allow closed generic TLDs These cut across the openness and freedom that has made the internet so successful. "  
  Arne - " While I recognize that the technology might have improved to the point that we can have many more TLDs than before, allowing single entities to control a generic class of stuff like services or products seems very ill advised to me."  
  Christobal - "Our bookstore, Librería LA LUNA NUEVA LIBROS, (25 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a "closed generic" gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  RL - "I am writing you to voice my concern regarding the proposed closed generic top level domains. Don't do it."  
  Simon - "I object to .cloud top-level domain being privatised."  
  Frank - "From my discussions with providers and users alike - and in my own view allowing one entity to run a closed a generic TLD such as .CLOUD would create confusion and could distort the market."  
  Piers - "In our view allowing any single market participant to ‘own’ a closed a generic TLD such as .CLOUD is unacceptable and anti-competitive given the now commonly accepted generic meaning of the word and it association with an entire industry."  
  Fernando - "Our bookstore, Librería Joker, (20 years in the book business) strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic” gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Melvin - "We object to use of closed gTLDs.

ICANN should remain the direct custodian of all gTLDs and NOT permit their purchase by other entities."
 
  Ron - "I believe this has to be reconsidered. Many terms are so generic they are used by a range of organisations in many sectors. For example “cloud" encompasses many services across a marketplace and it would be fundamentally wrong and anti-competitive to award the domain to a specific organisation for commercial reasons."  
  Francis - "I entirely support the position taken by CIF and articulated by Chairman Andy Burton."  
  Andrew - "UKITA strongly opposes applications for Closed Generic gTLDs and most specifically for the .cloud gTLD"  
  Steve - "This is unacceptable, anti competition and openess! Ownership of Generic TLDs by large corporations, or anyone should be refused."  
  Mike - "Generic terms should not be allowed, they are by definition open and unrestricted in their use, this should not be different when used as domain names."  
  Veronique - "AXA is extremely concerned abou the 'closed generic' gTLD applications for at least three reasons - harm to the public, anti-competitive effects and circumvention of ICANN's own Code of Conduct and New Registry Agreement."  
  Dreyfus & associés - "Michelin is extremely concerned by the 'Closed Generic' TLD Applications, in particular the TIRES Applications from Bridgestone and Goodyear."  
  Tim - "I have read with great concern that there is a possibility that some TLD may become closed and potentially 'owned' by corporations. This is in effective anti-competitive and against the fundamental principle of freedom and openness on the web and will create an unfair advantage creating the opportunities for monopolistic strategies to be put in place by large corporations."  
  Andrew - "Given the wide and diverse marketplace for cloud service providers, the concept of allowing any single organisation to own it outright would be scandalous and anti-competitive."  
  Bob - "I run an alarm company in Ct and find that any company owning exclusive rights to .security or any other domain is violently restrictive."  
  Eric - "I understand why some corporations would want to own generic names like .cloud or .insurance but I believe ICANN needs to look at the bigger picture and balance what is best for the community and general commerce with the interest of a single corporation."  
  Jessica - "As an employee of a certification body providing independent certification and accreditation to organisations, I would like to formally object to the proposal to enable close generic TLDs to be assigned to only one organisation."  
  At Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) - "On the whole, the ALAC does not believe that unrestricted closed generics provide public benefit and would prefer that TLDs -- especially for strings repre senting categories -- were not allocated in a way that would lock out broad access to sub - domains."  
  ThoughtWorks, Inc. - "We are writing to express our concern, also expressed by Australia and Germany, in their respective Early Warnings, about the problem of private, exclusive ownership of closed generic TLDs."  
  Yahoo! "... we agree that top-level domains (TLDs) that consist solely of an industry generic term like .app, .cloud, .mobile, .insurance, oir .news should not be run as a closed registry."  
  The Booksellers Association of Asturias - "The Booksellers Association of Asturias represents 290 retail outlets selling books. The Booksellers Association o f Asturias strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Antonio - "The Asociación de Libreros de la Provincia de Las Palma s (Booksellers Association of Las Palmas) represents 91 retail outlets selling books."  
  Antoni - "The Catalan Bookseller Trade Union , represents 297 retail outlets selling books, strongly opposes any applications for a “closed generic" gTLD, especia lly if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Mathieu - "closed generic TLDs provide no benefit and progress, which cannot be obtained with the current system. They threaten the openness of the internet at a time when governments are already contributing to fragment it."  
  ACCA - "The Asia Cloud Computing Association (ACCA), would like to register concerns with the process now under way enabling companies to acquire, own and control generic top level domains (gTLDs) for the purposes of exclusive use and competitive advantage. We wish to add our voice to the growing chorus of voices requesting ICANN to reconsider the current process, and specific concerning applications."  
  Dreyfus & associés - "Some of these generic terms are critical for the conduct of an activity and should not be reserved for, or monopolized by, a single stakeholder in a business category. Generic words used in a generic way cannot be reserved by and in favor of a single organization. Words as parts of language are our common heritage. It is obvious that language, and its specific uses, have to be protected as a public domain that is and should remain equally accessible to all."  
  David - "This is to express a strong objection to proposals which would allow closed generic TLDs in general, and for .CLOUD in particular. The registries for clearly generic TLDs such as .CLOUD must not be allowed to be run in a way which gives commercial advantage to the registry owner or to particular registrants, to the exclusion or other detriment of competitors."  
  Simon - "It as a maturing industry which is thriving on openness and diversification and a move to privatise the .cloud domain will harm the development immeasurably through stifling innovative companies which require a fair competitive environment to operate in. Offering domination of this space to the highest bidder is simply a ridiculous notion, anti-competitive at its most extreme.

Just....no
 
  SuperMonopolies dot com - "ICANN should be more precise and factual and state that while they have received no (or few) official paid objections to the proposed strings, they have received a large number of objections in the form of comments. If ICANN reports to the US Department of Commerce that they have received no objections to the proposed "walled garden" domain names that will be misleading."  
  Rakuten, Inc. - "We are deeply concerned about the current situation of applications which include closed generic TLDs and use these descriptive terms which are para mount importance to all stakeholders in related industries. They are as follows, “.APP, .AUTO, .AUTOINSURANCE, .AUTOS, .BANK, .BASEB ALL, .BLOG, .BOOK, .BUY, .CALL, .CARIN SURANCE, .CARS, .CASINO, .CLOUD, .COOKINGCHANNEL, . COUPON, .DEAL, .DRIVE, .FILM, .FOO D, .GIFTS, .HOTEL, .INSURANCE, .LIFEINSURANCE, .MOT O, .MOTORCYCLES, .MOVIE, .MOVISTAR , .MUSIC, .TOUR, .PAY, .SALON, S.AVE, .SHOP, .SHOW, . ポイント (Point in Japanese), . ストア (Store in Japanese), . セール (Sale in Japanese), . ファッション (Fashion in Japanese), . 書籍 (Book in Japanese), . 通販 (Mail-Order in Japanese)."  
  Japan Association of New Economy (JANE) - "We are deeply concerned about the current situation of applications which include closed generic TLDs for important industry terms. Accordin g to ICANN’s vision, "one world, one Internet," we deeply agree and believe the Internet is a place for all human-kind. However, there are 3 main opinions regarding the cu rrent threat. 1. Could cause an anticompetitive threat 2. Could cause the invasion to the free and equal I nternet industry 3. Could cause detriment to Internet users' interes ts "  
  "The Dutch Bookselleres Federation most strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entitites operating in a sector of activitity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Yves Rocher is extremely concerned by the “Closed Generic” TLD Applications, in particular the ROCHER Application from Ferrero Trading Lux S.A."  
  Varun - "It is obvious that closed generic TLD applicants intend to circumvent ICANN’s Code of Conduct and New Registry Agreement by attempting to use exceptions that were never intended for this purpose."  
  Richard - "On behalf of ScienceLogic, Inc. I would like to register our objection to closed generic TLDs."  
  Peter - "As a software provider whose business is heavily based upon the internet I completely support the Cloud Forums opposition to generic domains such as .cloud being sold to others to run as closed ."  
  Chubb Edwards - "We believe that "closed generic" domains should not be permitted."  
  Allan - "On behalf of the Association of American Publishers (AAP)1, I am writing to express the opposition of U.S. book and journal publishers to closed generic gTLD applications generally and, in particular, to the closed generic gTLD application submitted to ICANN by Amazon EU S.a r.l. for the string BOOK."  
  OpenForum Europe - "Public procurement has the potential to play an important, if not leading, role in fostering enhanced trust and broader adoption of cloud services. We have already seen several national initiatives to set up governmental cloud computing programs. Europe has a key role to play in this area, by identifying common needs and pooling public requirements. More than any other services, the full benefits of cloud computing can only be reaped in a truly integrated, cross-border digital market."  
  Adam - "A quick email to register my opposition to closed generic TLD applications. This is an ill though out move. If you can't make the internet better you should at lease not be making it worse."  
  Jonathan - "Keep our internet open, allow us somewhat smaller companies with not quite as much commercial power to utilise the full potential of the web."  
  OpenForum Europe - "On behalf of OpenForum Europe (OFE) I am writing to express concern over applications for the private, exclusive ownership of some closed generic TLDs. We believe that this could represent a threat to the openness and freedom of the ICT market and could have harmful consequences for IT users worldwide."  
  DOMAINOO, French Registrar - "We would like to express our objection to "closed generic" TLDs and for .WATCHES in particular."  
  KJ - "I feel the adoption of closed generic top level domains cannot help but be damaging, to the global public interest as well as to co-operation and competition between commercial concerns."  
  NZICT - "...we are concerned about the potential for private and exclusive control of TLDs that represent generic industry categories. Allowing one organisation to exclude competitors from a TLD that defines its industry or product category has the potential to harm competition, confuse consumers, create unnecessary online barriers to commerce, and undermine the openness of the internet. It also contravenes ICANN¹s affirmation of commitments and its stated purpose justifying the new gTLD program."  
  American Insurance Association - "Our members have significant concerns with awarding a generic term for use as a closed registry."  
  "In response to ICANN’s request for public comment, the Entertainmen t Software Association (“ESA"), the Entertainment Software Association of Canada (“ESAC"), t he Interactive Software Federation of Europe (“ISFE"), and the Interactive Games and Entertainment Association (“iGEA") collectively write to express the video game industry’s concern that two closed or r estricted generic top-level domain applications for .game may adversely impact our industry."  
  Blacknight Solutions - "Rather than rehash our previous arguments I would prefer to simply state that they are unchanged."  
  TLP LLP - "We consider that "closed generics" are incompatible with the underlying values and principles of the new gTLD programme."  
  French Publishers Association (SNE) - "If a major distribution stakeholder had a monopoly over such essential strategic tools for e-commerce, this would have dramatic consequences on competition."  
  The Prudential Insurance Company of America - "Issuance of generic gTLDs to applicants intending to control them as closed registries threatens to hamper competition and consumer choice, particularly where applicants seek gTLDs for generic terms in industries wher they hold market share."  
  United States Telecom Association - "C ertain of the closed gTLDs should be denied due to inherent conflicts of interest that create both the incentive and ability for the Applicants to operate them in a manner that forecloses registration opportunities to their competitors in the same space. The se g TLD applications were submitted by Applicants who compete alongside USTelecom’s members in the telecommunications and information services marketplace. Each of the applied - for gTLDs are generic terms that describe products and/or services in competitive m arkets identical to those offered by USTelecom member s ."  
  American Intellectual Property Law Association - "AIPLA has evaluated the effect of the new gTLDs within the well - established legal framework relating to the protection and control of names and trademarks. Based on this framework, while we believe that delegation of closed gTLDs in general may be appropriate when consistent with established legal principles, the delegation and operation of closed registries for generic industry terms by a single member of that industry presents an anti - competitive risk contrary to traditional legal principles.... Domain names can function like trademarks as source identifiers. This will be especially so with the launch of numerous new gTLDs. Many domain name owners in fact use their domain names as a trademark. The view that domain names are mere addresses with no source – identifying function is a relic of the exclusive .com era. See, e.g. Image Online Design, Inc. v. ICANN, Case No. CV 12 - 08968, at 17 (C.D. Cal. 2013) (“the USPTO has recognized that ‘as the number of available TLDs is increased by [ICANN], or if the nature of new TLDs changes, the examining attorney must consider any potential source - indicating function of the TLD and introduce evidence as to the significance of the TLD.’ It asserts that ‘the function of TLDs as generally not being source indicating is a relic of an essentially exclusive ‘.com.’ ’"). Thus, settled intellectual property law is the appropriate framework for evaluating proposed TLDs "  
  Consumer Watchdog - "I am writing to express Consumer Watchdog's concern over how closed generic Top Level Domains could hurt competition on the Internet. We are also concerned about giving any one company the right to decide who can use a gTLD. If a gTLD is granted to a company, it should generally not be 'closed.' Any company that can demonstrate an interest in the generic TLD should be allowed to use it."  
  "The Electronic Security Association (ESA), which represents more than 2,500 member companies involved in the electronic life safety and security industry, would like to register our collective opposition to the practice of closed gTLDs, including the domain name '.security.'"  
  "...the Postal Service notes that a closed registry model is particularly inappropriate and contrary to the Public Interest in connection with this specific applied-for string. The term, "mail" designates services rendered by governmental or quasi-governmental entities which are highly regulated and charged with an inherent governmental function."  
  Roger - "The very idea of closed generic top-level domains runs counter to the spirit and intent of ICANN's Core Principle No. 3, the principle in which the nature of ICANN's mandate is most clearly articulated:

3. ICANN’s Articles of Incorporation establish that the corporation shall operate for the benefit of the Internet community as a whole and shall pursue the charitable and public purposes of lessening the burdens of government and promoting the global public interest in the operational stability of the Internet by performing and co-ordinating functions associated with the technical management of Internet names and addresses."
 
  International Trademark Association - "The issue of “closed generic" TLDs potentially implicates trademark law, competition law and other legal considerations — as well as decisions of potential objectors to “closed generic" applications — and bears careful examination and consu ltation with the various stakeholders who may be impacted."  
  Sam - "I write to express personal opposition to the issuance of closed generic TLDs, which I consider an affront to common sense (not to mention an open, competitive market)."  
  .Music (Constantine) - ".MUSIC strong ly opposes “closed " gTLD applications for strings that are semantically and culturally significant, such as .MUSIC, .SONG, .TUNES. “Closed " gTLD applications should be accepted only in the case of “ Dot - Brands " i.e the applicant has internationally - recognized trademarks for the gTLD string applied for."  
  "InternetNZ is of the opinion that all new gTLD operators should be required to follow an open regist ration p olicy at the 2nd level. If closed registration policies are to be allowed then this should only be under certain circumstances, as an exception to the rule."  
  TD Ameritrade, Charles Schwab & Co., Inc., and Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America (TIAA) (collectively, the "Commenters") urge ICANN to adopt a strict rule prohibiting closed registration of generic terms as gTLDs, such as the proposed applications for .ira, .mutualfunds, .retirement, and .broker."  
  Kristina - "I recognize that it has been the long-standing aim of ICANN to encourage competition amongst registry operators and that the current model on the sales of second level domain name registrations is widely accepted.  It is my view that the introduction of the 'closed generic' model, would be the enablement of a new model. As such I consider that there has not been an informed evaluation on how this new model would affect or even possibly diminish the current ‘working’ model. It is my view that this proposed new model could potentially diminish the objective set by ICANN to encourage competition at the compromise of the existing business model."  
  Microsoft Corporation - "In response to ICANN’s two questions, Microsoft s upports the view that (i ) a generic TLD is one that represents an industry category in whic h the applicant competes and (ii) ICANN should require any such closed generic TLDs to be opene d to competitors and other interested parties."  
  Latin American Telecom LLC - "Such a proprietary use of a dictionary word in which the applicant holds no trademark rights is contrary to the aims of the new gTLD program and in violation of the “public interest ’ standard applicable to granting such waiver requests. As a closed registrant gTLD controlled by Google and extending the YouTube business model, a Google - only .TUBE could become a source identifier and thereby provide a backdoor route for Google to extend the trademark rights it now has on YOUTUBE to the word TUBE in which it posses ses no trademark rights . The new gTLD program is supposed to respect trademark rights, not become a means by which they are surreptitiously acquired."  
  CTIA-The Wireless Association® - "We join a rapidly growing group of companies, organizations and individuals who oppose Closed Generic gTLDs and the power they grant to Registries for exclusive authority and potential misuse within the Internet domain name system."  
  Ron - "i do not recall any hint of closed domains that would capture generic category words and if those were anticipated by some participants in the discussions, they were relatively quiet about their intentions to later promote this type of domain business model. thus the Board has observed that the AG is silent on this topic, and yet is aware of the controversial result of a large number of closed-generic applications, thus the request for comments on an issue not addressed face-on by the AG.

my enthusiasm for supporting generic word categories as logical extension of .com, etc. TLDs is fundamentally dependent on the openness of these extended domains. i also support .brand domains and carefully vetted .community domains."
 
  Scott - "We strongly object to ICANN's plans to sell the exclusive top-level domain rights for generic book-industry terms, such as .book, .author, and .read. Placing such generic domains in private hands is plainly anticompetitive, allowing already dominant, well-capitalized companies to expand and entrench their market power. The potential for abuse seems limitless."  
  Tim - NewgTLDsSite.com - "I strongly urge ICANN to reject New Top Level Domain applications for words that represent a broad market sector or have broad use and meaning, and that for which the applicant has no trademark rights and is proposing a closed registry business model."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Alcalá de Henares strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Calle Arka, 11 strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Casa del libro de Barcelona en Rambla de Catalunya strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Oviedo (c/Arturo Álvarez Buylla, 7) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Ponferrada. Avda de Asturias s/n. Local 132, 24400 strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at A Coruña strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Centro Comercial Salera Carretera Nacional 340, km. 64.5 12006 Castellón strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Centro Comercial Grancasa. Avenida María Zambrano 35, strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Alcalá 96, Madrid strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at centro comercial ISLA AZUL, en MADRID, strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Alicante strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at CC. Espacio León, Avda. País Leonés, 12, 24010, León (Spain) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Xanadú´s shopping center, Madrid, strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Fuencarral, 119 strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Valencia (P. Ruzafa,11, 46002) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at San Miguel, 4, Zaragoza, Spain, strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Terrassa strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Allianz Group - "We are writing you to express our concern about the closed generic Top-Level Domains application for all industries and even more for the insurance & financial industry which is a highly regulated business sector in order to protect the consumers."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at c/Nueva 5 strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Plaza de Italia, 3 (Gijón- España) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  International Publishers Association - "I am writing to your on behalf of IPA to express the opposition of the global publishing industry to closed generic gTLD applications ."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at C/Maestro Victoria, 3, 28013, Madrid, SPAIN, strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Passeig de Gràcia, 62 08007 Barcelona (Spain) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Orense, 11 28020, Madrid, Spain strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD.  
  Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at C/ Velázquez Moreno, 27 - Vigo (Spain) strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD.  
  Langsecure Security - "I do not think anyone should be able to buy an .TLD, it should be the same as .com or .net etc. This would put a bad taste in the publics mouth when trying to search for something. I hate it when I search something and the first 6 items that come up is some companies garbage just because they have the money to buy a slot at the top."  
  swe.fb "The internet must be kept free and neutral for everyone and for business of ALL sizes. . . While I'm not opposed to tld's of a registered trademark like ".amazon" or ".google"... I object and am strongly opposed to the anti-competitive monopolization of generic or generally non-trademarkable tld's such as .music .art .hair .gifts or .groceries .etc . I find such requests and their allowance to be anti-competitive and completely unacceptable."  
  Thomas - "Generic TLDs should not be controlled by profit-making companies. They should be controller by custodian entities for the use of all."  
  Taylor - "Many of us view the internet as a 'great equalizer'. It is a network open to all, that empowers individuals and corporations to promote their interests, views, and content. Granting an entire gTLD to a single corporation would severely limit access to that gTLD and thus unlevel the playing field if access is restricted to that gTLD."  
  Mitchell - "I think the idea of corporations being able to purchase top level domain names is a very bad idea. If this is allowed it would make them useless. If Amazon goes owns every .shop domain then what's the point of even having them available for use."  
  Aaron - "It should not be up to a single entity to control top level domain names such as .book or .store. Allowing amazon or any corporate interest control over such generic domain names will stifle innovation and should not be allowed."  
  "Our bookstore, Casa del Libro at Avda. America, 7-9 28922 Alcorcón (Madrid), strongly opposes any applications for a 'closed generic' gTLD, especially if submitted by commercial entities operating in a sector of activity related to the closed generic gTLD."  
  Harsh - "It gives existing domains too much power."  
  Shawn - "I just want you guys to think of the opportunities here for you ambitious startups to create businesses around this new opportunity. Thats all we need, so I am asking the ICANN to not allow big corps to leave the little guys out (We create more jobs)."  
  Laurence - "It is difficult to see how truly generic terms can be closed. I would be concerned that making generic terms closed will lead to increased competition litigation, and to a clash with trademark law, as generic terms are by definition not capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one company from those of another."  
  Liberia Espacio Lector Nobel - "In the case of a closed generic gTLD .book, the exclusivity granted to the winning applicant would de facto strengthen the position of the biggest bidder to have sole use of the gTLD in the book industry and would therefore be anti-competitive, discourage innovation and new entrants and be detrimental to the industry as a whole."  


What do you think? Should ICANN take action to prohibit closed generics? Share your opinion on ICANN.org.


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